What is a chimney liner? – A flue lining in a masonry chimney is defined as “a clay, ceramic, or metal conduit installed inside of a chimney, intended to contain the combustion products, direct them to the outside atmosphere, and protect the chimney walls from heat and corrosion.” Although building codes vary from one locality to another, the installation of flue lining has been recommended since the early part of this century, and indeed most fire codes now mandate liners. In the 1940’s and again in the 1980’s, masonry chimneys were tested by the National Bureau or Standards for durability due to rising concerns about their performance and safety. The tests revealed that unlined chimneys were so unsafe that researchers characterized building a chimney without a liner as “little less than criminal”
What function does a liner serve? Firstly, The liner protects the house from heat transfer to combustibles. In the NBS tests, unlined chimneys allowed heat to move through the chimney so rapidly that the adjacent woodwork caught fire in only 3 1/2 hours. Secondly Liners protect the masonry from the corrosive byproducts of combustion. In the tests it was determined that if the flue gases were allowed to penetrate to the brick and mortar, the result would be a reduction in the usable life of the chimney. The flue gases are acidic in nature and literally eat away at the mortar joints from inside the chimney. As the mortar joints erode, heat transfers more rapidly to the nearby combustibles and dangerous gases such as carbon monoxide can leak into the living areas of the home. Lastly Liners provide a correctly sized flue for optimum efficiency of appliances. Modern wood stoves and gas or oil furnaces require a correctly sized flue to perform properly. The chimney is responsible for not only allowing the products of combustion a passage out of the house, but the draft generated by the chimney also supplies the combustion air to the appliance. An incorrectly sized liner can lead to excessive creosote buildup in wood burning stoves, and the production of carbon monoxide with conventional fuels
Why should I choose a new Steel Liner System? – New oil to gas conversion require a chimney liner. Older clay liner tiles can crack , break fall and block a flue , Yearly inspections maintenance or replacement are suggested, A Stainless steel titanium system has a lifetime warranty , clay tiles have a much much shorter lifecycle are vulnerable to frost thaw cycle and deteriorating of mortar joints between tiles , yearly inspections are recommended
How Much does a liner installation cost? Installation cost depends variables such as of length and width of material used to accomodate the BTU’s from the appliance and length of the chimney, degree of difficulty to install ie, peak of roof and if the chimney is a straight shot or has offsets jags or turns . and amount of piping needed to tie into appliances.